O&M Perspective: When Treatment Worlds Collide

Biological and membrane processes must work together to product high-quality water for reuse, but they don’t necessarily play well together from an O&M perspective.
O&M Perspective: When Treatment Worlds Collide
Flow equalization within reuse systems benefits both biological and membrane treatment systems and produces higher water yield and a better-quality final product.

As utilities develop facilities to maximize water resources, indirect potable reuse and direct potable reuse are becoming more common.

Microfiltration or ultrafiltration membranes are often installed for pretreatment ahead of reverse osmosis, and advanced biological treatment...

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