Advantages of Carbon Dioxide Replacing Acid to Reduce pH

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Advantages of Carbon Dioxide Replacing Acid to Reduce pH

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Replacing mineral acid with carbon dioxide in alkaline water is an effective, reliable, self-buffering and economical method of controlling pH levels. Praxair offers the best in service and supply to meet all your pH control needs. Carbon dioxide is a safer alternative than mineral acids and an effective chemical for lowering the pH of various kinds of alkaline waters.

Initially, dissolved CO2 forms carbonic acid, which subsequently dissociates into bicarbonates, carbonates and hydrogen ions. The hydrogen ions in turn reduce the pH. Praxair’s water-quality testing capabilities analyze water samples taken directly from customer facilities to demonstrate the effectiveness of CO2 versus sulfuric acid.

Advantages of carbon dioxide

  • Cost-effective
  • Optimal pH control
  • Self-buffering
  • Eliminates on-site acid storage and handling
  • Lowers system maintenance costs
  • Lowers piping system installation costs

Custom-engineered CO2 neutralization systems
Praxair has extensive, multi-decade experience in designing and installing custom-engineered systems to meet any water treatment need.

CO2 treatment areas include:

  • Basins
  • Holding ponds
  • Pipelines
  • Sumps
  • Pressurized vessels
  • Tanks

This experience includes both liquid and gaseous CO2 delivery systems that utilize a wide variety of injection techniques. Selecting the proper CO2 injection equipment is based upon the specific requirements of each installation. This ensures that every treatment system is tailored to provide the safest, most efficient and economical neutralization of alkaline water.

For large basins or holding ponds, Praxair can provide a variety of in-tank CO2 injection methods. This includes the sparger and the diffuser systems. All of Praxair’s CO2 injection systems are built from durable components, such as stainless steel, to provide lasting reliability. All of these systems are designed for long service life with minimal maintenance and operator attention.

Praxair has developed patented technology for both equipment and processes that can provide you with improved neutralization performance. CO2 neutralization technology is cost-effective, environmentally responsible and can provide greater control over the pH adjustment process.

A broad range of control applications
Carbon dioxide is utilized for pH control in many industries including:

  • Food
  • Textile
  • Pulp and paper
  • Chemical
  • Petroleum
  • Municipal facilities

Main uses of carbon dioxide for water treatment include:

  • Effluent water treatment
  • Process water pH control
  • Drinking water re-carbonation

Superior systems
Praxair provides everything you need for superior CO2 water treatment systems including:

  • Engineering
  • Determination of system requirements
  • Water sample test program
  • Custom injection and control system design
  • Startup and optimization of system

Installation services

  • Bulk tank installation
  • Piping systems
  • Field service representatives

Product supply

  • Strategic worldwide placement of production plants
  • Nationwide network of supply depots
  • Dependable fleet of delivery vehicles

One source for all your needs
Praxair, the largest supplier of CO2 in North and South America has the resources, experience, technical know-how and supply network to meet today’s requirements for pH control. Each regional office has a staff that includes application engineers and service personnel to ensure that every installation meets the specific requirements of your application and provide ongoing support.

In addition, the R&D facility near Chicago provides a complete analytical gas laboratory, a water neutralization test program and technical application support that ensures the highest quality product and state-of-the-art technical backup.

Praxair has a network of strategically located plants, depots and sales offices available to serve all your needs. Praxair also maintains a large fleet of tanker trucks and railcars, allowing quick delivery of CO2 wherever it is needed. Its storage vessels are manufactured to the highest quality standards, using the latest construction technology for long life, minimum maintenance, energy savings, automatic operation, safety and reliability.

Contact Praxair at 800/772-9247 or visit


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