Madison's Graywater Experiment Celebrates 10 Years

Ten years ago Madison Water Utility installed the city's first commercial graywater system. But the journey to recycled water wasn't easy.
Madison's Graywater Experiment Celebrates 10 Years
Ten years ago, Madison Water Utility initiated the first large-scale commercial graywater system ever installed in the city.

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"Toilet uses recycled water."

The simple placards posted in every restroom stall at Madison (Wisconsin) Water Utility's Olin Ave. office building are among the few small hints you'll find of the utility's big experiment in water conservation – the first large-scale commercial graywater system ever installed in the city.

"Graywater is just nonpotable water," says Al Larson, MWU principal engineer. "Typically, it's from a nonwaste source like showers, hand washing, clothes washing. So if you could capture that, you can use it to flush toilets."

When plans were being made to construct the large office building a decade ago, "green" was the goal. State of the art heating and cooling, skylights, solar panels and motion-sensitive fluorescent lights were all built into the design to keep energy costs down. But perhaps the most cutting-edge innovation was the water system. At that time, no large office building in Madison had ever used recycled water, but for MWU, the new technology was essential. It helped solve a problem of wasted water the utility had been grappling with for years.

"We were testing meters and flushing 250 to 300 thousand gallons of water down the sewer every year," says Larson, explaining that MWU's meter shop routinely runs water through meters that are being built or repaired to ensure they're working properly.

"That's perfectly good water. There was definitely the attitude of, 'Let's stop this,'" he recalls.

So when the building opened its doors in 2005, the natural lighting and solar array may have gotten most of the attention, but it was a 7,000-gallon underground tank and pump station on the building's west side that filled the toilets — and still does.

The tank captures everything that comes out of the meter shop and is used for toilets and the building's exterior water feature.

Not always easy
MWU's experiment with graywater hasn't come without challenges. Ten years ago, recycled water systems were far less common, so when problems cropped up, solving them was a process of trial and error. There were plenty of setbacks.

"It's not always easy," says Tony Mazzara, MWU's meter shop lead worker. "It was a process of learning how to keep the system intact and running well."

The first problem – bacteria growth.
"The water was coming out discolored in some cases ... because it hadn't been really treated," Mazzara says. "So the very first thing was to set up a pump to add bleach and water into the graywater line."

Then came the addition of filters when sediment in the graywater caused problems in the fountain. After that, a water softener was added.

"The system has served its purpose relatively well," Mazzara says. "But there is a fair amount of maintenance to keep it that way."

Even with all of the maintenance, Mazzara says the graywater system is about innovation — trying something new and figuring out how to make it feasible.

"I think we're committed to seeing it continue," he says.

Larson agrees.

"Setting an example, I think, is something that water utilities have always done."


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